Research

Publications | Presentations | Meeting Abstracts | Intramural

Publications

Use of Pre-Post Treatment Values in Place of Between Group Comparisons Invalidates Meta-Analysis Findings. Commentary: “Can Millet Consumption Help Manage Hyperlipidemia and Obesity? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis”.
Aly M, Jamshidi-Naeini J, Brown AW
Frontiers in Nutrition; doi:10.3389/fnut.2022.921352. Online ahead of print
Letter

Valuing the Diversity of Research Methods to Advance Nutrition Science.
Mattes RD, Rowe SB, Ohlhorst SD, Brown AW, Hoffman DJ, Liska DJ, Feskens EJM, Dhillon J, Tucker KL, Epstein LH, Neufeld LM, Kelley M, Fukagawa NK, Sunde RA, Zeisel SH, Basile AJ, Borth LE, Jackson E
Adv Nutr. 2022 Jul 8:nmac043. doi: 10.1093/advances/nmac043. Epub ahead of print
Editorial

Intraclass correlation coefficients for weight loss cluster randomized trials in primary care: The PROPEL trial.
Katzmarzyk P, Denstel K, Martin C, Newton R, Apolzan J, Mire E, Horswell R, Johnson WD, Brown AW, Zhang D, PROPEL Research Group
Clin Obes. 2022 Apr 12;e12524. doi: 10.1111/cob.12524. Online ahead of print
Original Research

Implementation of a Family Support Grant to Subsidize Caregiving Needs and Support Attendance at American Society for Nutrition’s Annual Professional Scientific Conference.
Cardel MI, Loop MS, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Newsome F, Scott L, Lemas DJ, Krukowski RA
Curr Dev Nutr. 2022 Jun 23;6(6):nzac076. doi: 10.1093/cdn/nzac076. eCollection 2022 Jun.
Original Research

A Practical Decision Tree to Support Editorial Adjudication of Submitted Parallel Cluster Randomized Controlled Trials
Jamshidi-Naeini J, Brown AW, Mehta T, Glueck DH, Golzarri-Arroyo L, Muller KE, Tekwe CD, Allison DB
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2022 Mar;30(3):565-570. doi: 10.1002/oby.23373
Narrative Review

Evaluation of the type I error rate when using parametric bootstrap analysis of a cluster randomized controlled trial with binary outcomes and a small number of clusters
Golzarri-Arroyo L, Dickinson SL, Jamshidi-Naeini Y, Zoh RS, Brown AW, Owora AH, Li P, Oakes JM, Allison DB
Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2022 Mar;215:106654
Original Research

Traffic light diets for childhood obesity: disambiguation of terms and critical review of application, food categorization, and strength of evidence.
Vorland CJ, Bohan Brown MM, Cardel MI, Brown AW
Curr Dev Nutr. 2022 Mar;6(3):nzac006. doi: 10.1093/cdn/nzac006. eCollection 2022 Mar
Critical Review

From Model Organisms to Humans, the Need for More Rigor in Methodologic and Statistical Analysis, Design, and Interpretation of Aging and Senescence Research.
Chusyd DE, Austad SN, Brown AW, Chen X, Dickinson S, Ejima K, Fluharty D, Golzarri-Arroyo L, Holden R, Landsittel D, Mannix E, Jamshidi-Naeini J, Lartey S, Vorland C, Allison DB
Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences. 2021 Dec 24;glab382. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glab382. Online ahead of print
Narrative Review

Invalid design and analyses in “School physical education-based reinforced program through moderate-to-vigorous physical activity improves and maintains school children’s cardiorespiratory fitness: A cluster-randomized controlled trial” render results and conclusions unsubstantiated.
Ginell K, Jamshidi-Naeini Y, Golzarri-Arroyo L, Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Allison DB
Science & Sports. Volume 37, Issue 2, April 2022, Pages 155-156
Letter

Incorrect and irreproducible statistical analyses require correction in “Timing of chocolate intake affects hunger, substrate oxidation, and microbiota: A randomized controlled trial”
Vorland CJ, Golzarri-Arroyo L, Thomas DM, Kyle TK, Ginell K, Jamshidi-Naeini, Brown AW, Allison DB
PubPeer. 2021 NOV 01: https://pubpeer.com/publications/1DBAD2211F0CE9921F9F9B839A5570#1
PPPR
Toward more rigorous and informative nutritional epidemiology: the rational space between dismissal and defense of the status quo.
Brown AW, Aslibekyan S, Bier D, Ferreira Da Silva R, Hoover A, Klurfeld DM, Loken E, Mayo-Wilson E, Menachemi N, Pavela G, Quinn PD, Schoeller D, Tekwe C, Valdez D, Vorland CJ, Whigham LD, Allison DB
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2021 Oct 22;1-18. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2021.1985427. Online ahead of print
Proceedings

Errors in Analyses and Undisclosed Methods Render Meta-Analysis Irreproducible: A Second Comment on “Effects of Flaxseed Interventions on Circulating Inflammatory Biomarkers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials”.
Jamshidi-Naeini Y, Li R, Dickinson S, Vorland CJ, Brown AW
Adv Nutr. 2022 Feb 1;13(1):352-354. doi: 10.1093/advances/nmab146
Letter


Data and Code: 10.5281/zenodo.5794473

Spin in the abstracts of systematic reviews and meta-analyses: How big is the problem in obesity?
Vorland CJ, Brown AW
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2021 Aug;29(8):1244-1245. doi: 10.1002/oby.23230
Invited Commentary

Eating versus skipping breakfast has no discernible effect on obesity-related anthropometric outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Bohan Brown MM, Milanes J, Allison DB, Brown AW
F1000Res. 2020 Feb 24;9:140. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.22424.3. eCollection 2020
Meta-Analysis


Data and Code: 10.5281/zenodo.4970781

University of Alabama at Birmingham Nathan Shock Center: comparative energetics of aging.
Austad SN, Buford TW, Allison DB, Ballinger SW, Brown AW, Carter CS, Darley-Usmar VM, Hartman JL, Nagy TR, Smith DL, Sun L, Zhang J
Geroscience. 2021 Jul 25. doi: 10.1007/s11357-021-00414-1. Online ahead of print
Narrative Review

Evidence of misuse of nonparametric tests in the presence of heteroscedasticity within obesity research.
Kroeger CM, Hannon BA, Halliday TM, Ejima K, Teran-Garcia M, Brown AW
F1000Res. 2021 May 17;10:391. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.52693.1. eCollection 2021
Original Research

Error: Double counting placebo groups.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW
PubPeer. 2021 APR 10: https://pubpeer.com/publications/1843A6AC50624A13743F9AF8D6370E#1
PPPR
Comment on: “Difference in the Effect of Sedentary Behavior and Fast Food Consumption Habit on BMI (Body Mass Index) among Obese Children”.
Jamshidi-Naeini Y, Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Allison DB
PubPeer. 2021 MAR 23: https://pubpeer.com/publications/16431315CB2587075CE5A076C62375#1.
PPPR
Persistent confusion in nutrition and obesity research about the validity of classic nonparametric tests in the presence of heteroscedasticity: Evidence of the problem and valid alternatives.
Kroeger CM, Ejima K, Hannon BA, Halliday TM, McComb B, Teran-Garcia M, Dawson JA, King DB, Brown AW, Allison DB
Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Jan 29;nqaa357. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/nqaa357
Original Research

Comment on: “Effectiveness of Electroacupuncture for Simple Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials”.
Chen X, Dickinson SL, Naaman K, Brown AW, Allison DB
PubPeer. 2021 FEB 17: https://pubpeer.com/publications/3E1F5F4393F76FC17177291F1614EF#1.
PPPR
Calculation and data errors require correcting. Comment on “The effect of green coffee extract supplementation on anthropometric measures in adults: A comprehensive systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials”.
Chen X, Naaman K, Dickinson SL, Brown AW, Allison DB
Complement Ther Med. 2021 Feb 16;102685. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2021.102685
Letter

Contrary to the Conclusions Stated in the Paper, Only Dry Fat-Free Mass Was Different between Groups upon Reanalysis. Comment on: “Intermittent Energy Restriction Attenuates the Loss of Fat-Free Mass in Resistance Trained Individuals. A Randomized Controlled Trial”.
Peos J, Brown AW, Vorland CJ, Allison DB, Sainsbury A
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2020, 5(4), 85; doi: 10.3390/jfmk5040085
Letter

Double-counting of effect sizes and inappropriate exclusion of studies in “The influence of vitamin D supplementation on IGF-1 levels in humans: A systematic review and meta-analysis”.
Amiri M, Raeisi-Dehkordi H, Vorland CJ, Chen X, Brown AW, Allison DB
Ageing Res Rev. 2020 Dec 15;101236. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2020.101236
Letter

Comment on “Potato Protein Isolate Stimulates Muscle Protein Synthesis at Rest and with Resistance Exercise in Young Women”.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Foote G, Weir JP, Allison DB
PubPeer. 2020 NOV 03: https://pubpeer.com/publications/1843A6AC50624A13743F9AF8D6370E#1
PPPR
Improving open and rigorous science: ten key future research opportunities related to rigor, reproducibility, and transparency in scientific research [version 1; peer review: 3 approved].
Valdez D, Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Mayo-Wilson E, Otten J, Ball R, Grant S, Levy R, Laldivia DS, Allison DB
F1000Res. 2020 Oct 14;9:1235. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.26594.1. eCollection 2020
Proceedings

Overstated Claims of Efficacy and Safety. Comment On: “Optimal Nutritional Status for a Well-Functioning Immune System Is an Important Factor to Protect Against Viral Infections”. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1181.
Vorland CJ, Bohan Brown MM, Kyle TK, Brown AW
Nutrients. 2020 Sep 3;12(9):2690. doi: 10.3390/nu12092690
Letter


Supporting information:

Comment on: “Changes in Weight and Substrate Oxidation in Overweight Adults Following Isomaltulose Intake During a 12-Week Weight Loss Intervention: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Trial”.
Vorland CJ, Kyle TK, Brown AW
PubPeer. 2020 AUG 07: https://pubpeer.com/publications/7CA373E546988F6CEE4C993D7006AE#1.
PPPR
Comparisons of Within-Group Instead of Between-Group Affect the Conclusions. Comment on: “Changes in Weight and Substrate Oxidation in Overweight Adults Following Isomaltulose Intake during a 12-Week Weight Loss Intervention: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Trial”. Nutrients 2019, 11(10), 2367.
Vorland CJ, Kyle T, Brown AW
Nutrients. 2020 Aug 5;12(8):2335. doi: 10.3390/nu12082335
Letter

Comment on: “Optimal Nutritional Status for a Well-Functioning Immune System Is an Important Factor to Protect against Viral Infections”.
Vorland CJ, Bohan Brown MM, Kyle TK, Brown AW
PubPeer. 2020 JUL 24: https://pubpeer.com/publications/B0DCFB4BED4F85EE725788BEE6DACD#1.
PPPR
Apparent duplication of results in multiple publications and incorrect statistical analysis by Abdelbasset et al. requires attention to clarify the effect of exercise in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
Vorland CJ, Foote G, Dickinson SL, Mayo-Wilson E, Allison DB, Brown AW
Medicine. 2020 JUL 18: https://journals.lww.com/md-journal/Blog/MedicineCorrespondenceBlog/pages/post.aspx?PostID=126
PPPR
Resulted in Statement of Concern
Within-group comparisons led to unsubstantiated conclusions in “Low-phytate wholegrain bread instead of high-phytate wholegrain bread in a total diet context did not improve iron status of healthy Swedish females: a 12-week, randomized, parallel-design intervention Study”.
Vorland CJ, Mestre L, Mendis SS, Brown AW
Eur J Nutr. 2020 Jul 13
Letter

Incorrect analyses of cluster-randomized trials that do not take clustering and nesting into account likely lead to p-values that are too small.
Golzarri-Arroyo L, Oakes JM, Brown AW, Allison DB
Childhood Obesity. 2020 Mar;16(2):65-66
Letter

Murine genetic models of obesity: type I error rates and the power of commonly used analyses as assessed by plasmode-based simulation.
Ejima K, Brown AW, Smith D, Beyaztas U, Allison DB
Int J Obes (Lond). 2020 Jun;44(6):1440-1449. doi: 10.1038/s41366-020-0554-2. Epub 2020 Feb 25
Original Research


Code: 10.5281/zenodo.1488359

Data anomalies and apparent reporting errors in ‘Randomized controlled trial testing weight loss and abdominal obesity outcomes of moxibustion’.
Mestre LM, Dickinson SL, Golzarri-Aroyo L, Brown AW, Allison DB
Biomed Eng Online. 2020 Feb 18;19(1):11
Letter

Incorrect design and analysis render conclusion unsubstantiated: comment on “A digital movement in the world of inactive children: favourable outcomes of playing active video games in a pilot randomized trial”.
Golzarri-Arroyo L, Vorland CJ, Thabane L, Oakes JM, Hunt E, Brown AW, Allison DB
Eur J Pediatr. 2020 Sep;179(9):1487-1488. doi: 10.1007/s00431-020-03590-y
Letter

Science Dialogue Mapping of Knowledge and Knowledge Gaps Related to the Effects of Dairy Intake on Human Cardiovascular Health and Disease.
Brown AW, Kaiser KA, Keitt A, Fontaine K, Gibson M, Gower BA, Shikany J, Vorland C, Beitz DC, Bier D, Brenna JT, Jacobs D, Kris-Etherton P, Maki K, Miller M, St. Onge MP, Teran-Garcia M, Allison DB
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Feb 19:1-17
Original Research


Supplementary material
Dialogue Map

Errors or irreproducibility in effect size calculations, incomplete reporting of results in “Systematic Review of the Effects of Blueberry on Cognitive Performance as We Age.”
Vorland CJ, Mattey Mora PP, Mestre LM, Chen X, Dickinson SL, Brown AW, Allison DB
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2020 Jul 13;75(8):e24-e26. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glaa041
Letter


Pre-print

Comment on: “Effect of Nut Consumption on Erectile and Sexual Function in Healthy Males: A Secondary Outcome Analysis of the FERTINUTS Randomized Controlled Trial”.
Vorland CJ, Golzarri-Arroyo L, Brown AW, Herbenick D, Allison DB
PubPeer. 2020 JAN 22: https://pubpeer.com/publications/9237E3A78B6C44DA2D450AC53D1C10#1.
PPPR
Comment on: “Intervention effects of a kindergarten-based health promotion programme on obesity related behavioural outcomes and BMI percentiles”.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Kahathuduwa CN, Dawson JA, Gletsu-Miller N, Kyle TK, Thabane L, Allison DB
PubPeer. 2019 DEC 23: https://pubpeer.com/publications/3F9C696A4855C9626FE7F805C2082C#1.
PPPR
Re: “Annurca Apple Nutraceutical Formulation Enhances Keratin Expression in a Human Model of Skin and Promotes Hair Growth and Tropism in a Randomized Clinical Trial” by Tenore et al. (J Med Food 2018;21:90-103).
Keith SW, Brown AW, Heo M, Heymsfield SB, Allison DB
J Med Food. 2019 Dec;22(12):1301-1302
Letter

Toward Fulfilling the Aspirational Goal of Science as Self-Correcting: A Call for Editorial Courage and Diligence for Error Correction.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Ejima K, Mayo-Wilson E, Valdez D, Allison DB
Eur J Clin Invest. 2019 Dec 1:e13190
Invited Editorial

Questions on ‘Intervention effects of a kindergarten-based health promotion programme on obesity related behavioural outcomes and BMI percentiles’.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Kahathuduwa CN, Dawson JA, Gletsu Miller N, Kyle TK, Thabane L, Allison DB
Prev Med Rep. 2019 Nov 21;17:101022. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.101022. eCollection 2020 Mar
Letter

Exceptional reported effects and data anomalies merit explanation from “A randomized controlled trial of coordination exercise on cognitive function in obese adolescents” by Liu et al. (2018).
Ejima K, Dickinson S, Brown AW, Yanovski JA, Kaiser KA, Hall KD, Heymsfield SB, Allison DB
Psychology of Sport & Exercise. Volume 46, January 2020, 101604
Letter

Comment on Incorrect Analysis in ‘Effectiveness of a Normative Nutrition Intervention in Chilean Pregnant Women on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes: The CHiMINCs Study.’
Golzarri-Arroyo L, Brown AW, Mayo-Wilson E, Vassar M, Oakes JM, Allison DB
SSRN. 2019 SEP 24: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3444433 (Note: SSRN removed the entry after our critique).
PPPR
Does exclusion of extreme reporters of energy intake (the “Goldberg cutoffs”) reliably reduce or eliminate bias in nutrition studies? Analysis with illustrative associations of energy intake with health outcomes.
Ejima K, Brown AW, Schoeller DA, Heymsfield SB, Nelson EJ, Allison DB
Am J Clin Nutr. 2019 Nov 1;110(5):1231-1239
Original Research

Dropout rates in behavioral treatment programs for substance use disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Lappan S, Brown AW, Hendricks P
Addiction. 2019 Aug 27. doi: 10.1111/add.14793. [Epub ahead of print]
Systematic Review


Data and code: DOI

Childhood Obesity Intervention Studies: A Narrative Review and Guide for Investigators, Authors, Editors, Reviewers, Journalists, and Readers to Guard Against Exaggerated Effectiveness Claims
Brown AW, Altman DG, Baranowski T, Bland JM, Dawson JA, Dhurandhar NV, Dowla S, Fontaine KR, Gelman A, Heymsfield SB, Jayawardene W, Keith SW, Kyle TK, Loken E, Oakes JM, Stevens J, Thomas DM, Allison DB
Obes Rev. 2019 Aug 19. doi: 10.1111/obr.12923. [Epub ahead of print]
Critical Review

Comment on: “Gum chewing while walking increases fat oxidation and energy expenditure”.
Vorland CJ, Ejima K, Brown AW, Carter SJ, Heymsfield SB, Thomas DM, Allison DB
PubPeer. 2019 AUG 20: https://pubpeer.com/publications/B0DCFB4BED4F85EE725788BEE6DACD#1.
PPPR
Spin in the Abstract in “Impact of motivational interviewing on outcomes of an adolescent obesity treatment: results from the MI Values randomized controlled pilot trial”.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Allison DB
Clin Obes. 2019 Aug 4:e12332
Letter

Differences in Nominal Significance (DINS) Error leads to invalid conclusions: Letter regarding, “Diet enriched with fresh coconut decreases blood glucose levels and body weight in normal adults”.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB
Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine. 2019 Jun 12;16(2)
Letter

The Implementation of Randomization Requires Corrected Analyses. Comment on “Comprehensive Nutritional and Dietary Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder—A Randomized, Controlled 12-Month Trial, Nutrients 2018, 10, 369”.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Dickinson SL, Gelman A, Allison DB
Nutrients. 2019 May 21;11(5). doi:10.3390/nu11051126
Letter

Conditioning on “study” is essential for valid inference when combining individual data from multiple randomized controlled trials: a comment on Reesor et al’s School-based weight management program curbs summer weight gain among low-income Hispanic middle school students. J Sch Health. 2019;89(1):59-67.
Jayawardene WP, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Kahathuduwa CN, McComb B, Allison DB
Journal of School Health. 2019 Jul;89(7):515-518
Letter

Change in study randomization allocation needs to be included in statistical analysis: Comment on “Randomized controlled trial of weight loss versus usual care on telomere length in women with breast cancer: the lifestyle, exercise, and nutrition (LEAN) study.”
Dickinson SL, Golzarri Arroyo L, Brown AW, McComb B, Kahathuduwa CN, Allison DB
Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2019. 175(1), 263-4. doi: 10.1007/s10549-019-05155-6
Letter

Unsubstantiated conclusions in randomized controlled trial of binge eating program due to Differences in Nominal Significance (DINS) Error
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB
PubPeer. 2018 NOV 04: https://pubpeer.com/publications/3596ABE0460E074A8FA5063606FFAB#1
PPPR
Letter to the Editor And response Letter to the Editor and Author Response of Assessment of a Health Promotion Model on Obese Turkish Children.
Brown AW, Allison DB
J Nurs Res. 2018 Oct;26(5):373-374. doi: 10.1097/JNR.0000000000000287
Letter

The 3500 Kcal Rule is Invalid for Projections of Weight Change.
Brown AW, Hall K, Heymsfield SB, Allison DB
BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care (Responses). 2018 SEP 11: https://drc.bmj.com/content/6/1/e000511.responses#the-3500-kcal-rule-is-invalid-for-projections-of-weight-change.
PPPR
The stated conclusions are contradicted by the data, based on inappropriate statistics, and should be corrected: comment on ‘intervention for childhood obesity based on parents only or parents and child compared with follow-up alone’
Dawson JA, Brown AW, Allison DB
Pediatr Obes. 2018 Nov;13(11):656-657. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12431. Epub 2018 Aug 9
Letter

Incorrect analyses were used in “Different enteral nutrition formulas have no effect on glucose homeostasis but on diet-induced thermogenesis in critically ill medical patients: a randomized controlled trial” and corrected analyses are requested.
Dickinson S, Brown AW, Mehta T, Heymsfield S, Ebbeling C, Ludwig D, Allison DB
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2018. 73, 152-153. doi: 10.1038/s41430-018-0197-8
Letter

Reducing Calories to Lose Weight.
Hall KD, Schoeller DA, Brown AW
JAMA. 2018;319(22):2336-2337
Letter

Issues with data and analyses: Errors, underlying themes, and potential solutions.
Brown AW, Kaiser KA, Allison DB
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2018 Mar 13;115(11):2563-2570
Invited Proceedings

A Comment on Scherr et al “A Multicomponent, School-Based Intervention, the Shaping Healthy Choices Program, Improves Nutrition-Related Outcomes”.
Wood AC, Brown AW, Li P, Oakes JM, Pavela G, Thomas DM, Allison DB
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2018 Mar;50(3):324-325
Letter

Publication Bias in Science: What is it, Why is it Problematic, and How Can It Be Addressed?
Brown AW, Mehta TS, Allison DB
(2017) In book: The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication
Invited Chapter

Randomization to Randomization Probability: Estimating Treatment Effects Under Actual Conditions of Use.
George BJ, Li P, Lieberman HR, Pavela G, Brown AW, Fontaine KR, Jeansonne MM, Dutton GR, Idigo AJ, Parman MA, Rubin DB, Allison DB
Psychological Methods. 2018 Jun;23(2):337-350
Original Research


Raw Data Science Unbound Foundation Award

Analysis of the time and workers needed to conduct systematic reviews of medical interventions using data from the PROSPERO registry.
Borah R, Brown AW, Capers PL, Kaiser KA
BMJ Open. 2017 Feb 27;7(2):e012545
Original Research


EDITORS’ PICK OF 2017
Corrigendum

Critical Evaluation of Nutrition Research.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM
(2016) In book: Nutrition in Lifestyle Medicine, Publisher: Springer International Publishing, Editor: James M. Rippe, pp.103-116
Invited Chapter

Addendum: Hypercaloric diets with high meal frequency, but not increased meal size, increase intrahepatic triglycerides: A randomized controlled trial.
Serlie MJ, ter Horst KW, Brown AW
Hepatology. 2016 Nov;64(5):1814-1816
Letter

Common Scientific and Statistical Errors in Obesity Research.
George BJ, Beasley M, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Rositsa D, Divers J, Goldsby T, Heo M, Kaiser KA, Keith S, Kim MY, Li P, Mehta T, Oakes JM, Skinner A, Stuart E, Allison DB
Obesity. 2016 Apr;24(4):781-90
Invited Narrative Review

We agree that self-reported energy intake should not be used as a basis for conclusions about energy intake in scientific research.
Dhurandhar NV, Brown AW, Thomas D, Allison DB
Journal of Nutrition. 2016 May;146(5):1141-2
Letter

Reproducibility: A tragedy of errors.
Allison DB, Brown AW, George BJ, Kaiser KA
Nature. 2016 Feb 4;530(7588):27-9
Invited Commentary


Access the recommendation on F1000Prime

Unsubstantiated Conclusions from Improper Statistical Design and Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial.
George BJ, Goldsby TU, Brown AW, Li P, Allison DB
International Journal of Yoga. 2016;9(1):87-8
Letter

High Intensity Interval- vs Moderate Intensity- Training for Improving Cardiometabolic Health in Overweight or Obese Males: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Fisher G, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Alcorn A, Noles C, Winwood L, Resuehr H, George B, Jeansonne MM, Allison DB
PLoS One. 2015 Oct 21;10(10):e0138853
Original Research


Raw Data
Erratum

Errors in statistical analysis and questionable randomization lead to unreliable conclusions.
George BJ, Brown AW, Allison DB
Journal of Paramedical Sciences. 2015 Summer;6(3):153-154
Letter

Taurine and vitamin E supplementation have minimal effects on body composition, hepatic lipids, and blood hormone and metabolite concentrations in healthy Sprague Dawley rats.
Allen PS, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Hsu WH, Beitz DC
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements. 2015;7:77-85
Original Research

The importance of prediction model validation and assessment in obesity and nutrition research.
Ivanescu AE, Li P, George B, Brown AW, Keith SW, Raju D, Allison DB
International Journal of Obesity. 2016 Jun;40(6):887-94
Invited Narrative Review

Goals in Nutrition Science 2015-2020.
Allison DB, Bassaganya-Riera J, Burlingame B, Brown AW, Le Coutre J, Dickson SL, Van Eden W, Garssen J, Hontecillas R, Khoo CSH, Knorr D, KussmannM, Magistretti PJ, Mehta T, Meule A, Rychlik M, Vögele C
Front. Nutr., 08 September 2015
Invited Editorial

Best (but oft-forgotten) practices: designing, analyzing, and reporting cluster randomized controlled trials.
Brown AW, Li P, Bohan Brown MM, Kaiser KA, Keith SW, Oakes JM, Allison DB
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2015 Aug;102(2):241-8
Invited Narrative Review

Comment on “Intervention effects of a school-based health promotion programme on obesity related behavioural outcomes.”
Li P, Brown AW, Oakes JM, Allison DB
Journal of Obesity. 2015;2015:708181
Letter

Response to ‘Energy balance measurement: when something is not better than nothing.’
Dhurandhar NV, Schoeller D, Brown AW, Heymsfield SB, Thomas D, Sorensen TIA, Speakman JR, Jeansonne M, Allison DB
International Journal of Obesity. 2015 Jul;39(7):1175-6
Invited Letter

Comment on “School-Based Obesity Prevention Intervention in Chilean Children: Effective in Controlling, but not Reducing Obesity.”
Li P, Brown AW, Oakes JM, Allison DB
Journal of Obesity. 2015;2015:183528
Letter

Concerning Sichieri R, Cunha DB: Obes Facts 2014;7:221-232. The Assertion that Controlling for Baseline (Pre-Randomization) Covariates in Randomized Controlled Trials Leads to Bias Is False.
Li P, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Kaiser KA, Bohan Brown MM, Keith SW, Oakes JM, Allison DB
Obesity Facts. 2015;8:127-129
Letter

Exceptional Data in Paper on “The effect of meridian massage on BM, BMI, WC and HC in simple obesity patients: a randomized controlled trial.”
Thomas DM, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Li P, Heymsfield SB, Allison DB
World Journal of Acupuncture-Moxibustion. 2015;(01) 66-67
Letter

Double sampling with multiple imputation to answer large sample meta-research questions: Introduction and illustration by evaluating adherence to two simple CONSORT guidelines.
Capers PL, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Allison DB
Frontiers in Nutrition. 2015 Mar;9;2:6
Original Research

Communication of randomized, controlled trial results must match the study focus.
Brown AW, Sievenpiper JL, Kyle TK, Kaiser KA
Journal of Nutrition. 2015 May;145(5):1027-9
Letter

Order of Magnitude Mis-estimation of Weight Effects of Children’s Meal Policy Proposals.
Brown AW, Hall KD, Thomas D, Dhurandhar NV, Heymsfield SB, Allison DB
Childhood Obesity. 2014 Dec;10(6):542-4
Letter

Linear extrapolation results in erroneous overestimation of plausible stressor-related yearly weight changes.
Bohan Brown MM, Brown AW, Allison DB
Biological Psychiatry. 2015 Aug 15;78(4):e10-1
Letter

An Unjustified Conclusion from Self-Report-Based Estimates of Energy Intake.
Levitsky DA, Brown AW, Hansen BC, Atkinson RL, Byrne N, Cheskin LJ, Allison DB
American Journal of Medicine. 2014;127(12):e33
Letter

Energy Balance Measurement: When Something is NOT Better than Nothing.
Dhurandhar NV, Schoeller D, Brown AW, Heymsfield SB, Thomas D, Sorensen TIA, Speakman JR, Jeansonne M, Allison DB
International Journal of Obesity. 2015 Jul;39(7):1109-13
Critical Review

Unscientific Beliefs about Scientific Topics in Nutrition.
Brown AW, Ioannidis JPA, Cope MB, Bier DM, Allison DB
Advances in Nutrition. 2014 Sep;5(5):563-5
Invited Proceedings

HUMAN NUTRITION | Nutraceuticals.
Brown AW
(2014) In book: Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences (Second Edition), Publisher: Academic Press, Editors: Michael Dikeman, Carrick Devine, pp.130-134
Invited Chapter

Using crowdsourcing to evaluate published scientific literature: methods and example.
Brown AW, Allison DB
PLoS One. 2014 Jul 2;9(7):e100647
Original Research

Increased fruit and vegetable intake has no discernible effect on weight loss: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Kaiser KA, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Shikany JM, Mattes RD, Allison DB
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014 Jun 25;100(2):567-576
Systematic Review


Science Unbound Foundation Award

Weighing the Evidence of Common Beliefs in Obesity Research.
Casazza K, Brown AW, Astrup A, Bertz F, Baum C, Bohan Brown M, Dawson J, Durant N, Dutton G, Fields DA, Fontaine KR, Levitsky D, Mehta T, Menachemi N, Newby P, Pate R, Raynor H, Rolls BJ, Sen B, Smith DL Jr, Thomas D, Wansink B, Allison DB
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 2015;55(14):2014-53
Critical Review

Reply to RA Mekary and E Giovannucci.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Allison DB
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014 Jan;99(1):213
Invited Letter

Belief beyond the evidence: using the proposed effect of breakfast on obesity to show 2 practices that distort scientific evidence.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Allison DB
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2013 Nov;98(5):1298-308
Original Research


Access the recommendation on F1000Prime Science Unbound Foundation Award

Does host cholesterol metabolism impact the gut microbiota and why does it matter?
Martinez I, Brown AW, Walter J
Future Microbiology. 2013 May;8(5):571-3
Invited Editorial

Unintended consequences of obesity-targeted health policy.
Brown AW, Allison DB
Virtual Mentor. 2013 Apr 1;15(4):339-46
Invited Critical Review

Myths, presumptions, and facts about obesity.
Casazza K, Fontaine KR, Astrup A, Birch LL, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Durant N, Dutton G, Foster EM, Heymsfield SB, McIver K, Mehta T, Menachemi N, Newby PK, Pate R, Rolls BJ, Sen B, Smith DL Jr, Thomas DM, Allison DB
New England Journal of Medicine. 2013 Jan 31;368(5):446-54
Critical Review

Nutritional epidemiology in practice: learning from data or promulgating beliefs?
Bohan Brown MM, Brown AW, Allison DB
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2013 Jan;97(1):5-6
Invited Editorial

Diet-induced alterations of host cholesterol metabolism are likely to affect the gut microbiota composition in hamsters.
Martinez I, Perdicaro DJ, Brown AW, Hammons S, Carden TJ, Carr TP, Eskridge KM, Walter J
Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2013 Jan;79(2):516-24
Original Research

Short-term consumption of sucralose, a nonnutritive sweetener, is similar to water with regard to select markers of hunger signaling and short-term glucose homeostasis in women.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Onken KL, Beitz DC
Nutrition Research. 2011 Dec;31(12):882-8
Original Research


Data and Code: 10.5281/zenodo.4289185

Diets high in conjugated linoleic acid from pasture-fed cattle did not alter markers of health in young women.
Brown AW, Trenkle AH, Beitz DC
Nutrition Research. 2011 Jan;31(1):33-41
Original Research


Nutrition ResearchWinner of First Annual David Kritchevsky Graduate Student Award

Phytosterol ester constituents affect micellar cholesterol solubility in model bile.
Brown AW, Hang J, Dussault PH, Carr TP
Lipids. 2010 Sep;45(9):855-62
Original Research

Plant sterol and stanol substrate specificity of pancreatic cholesterol esterase.
Brown AW, Hang J, Dussault PH, Carr TP
J Nutr Biochem. 2010 Aug;21(8):736-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2009.04.008. Epub 2009 Jul 16
Original Research

Cholesterol-lowering phytosterols: factors affecting their use and efficacy.
Carr TP, Ash MM, Brown AW
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements. 2010 July;2010(2):59-72
Invited Narrative Review

Lipid and NDF analysis of ethanol byproduct feedstuffs.
Bremer VR, Buckner CD, Brown AW, Carr TP, Diedrichsen RM, Erickson GE, Klopfenstein TJ
Nebraska Beef Cattle Report. 2010;MP93:83-86
Report
Endocannabinoids, metabolic regulation, and the role of diet.
Carr TP, Jesch ED, Brown AW
Nutrition Research. 2008 Oct;28(10):641-50
Invited Narrative Review

Invited Extramural Presentations

Understanding the Science of Obesity.
Brown AW. Integrated Benefits Institute Purchaser Business Group on Health. Webinar; 2022-05-25.
Issues with data and analyses: Errors, underlying themes, and potential solutions
Brown AW. Department of Biostatistics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. Virtual Seminar; 2021-04-09.
Keynote – Strengthening and clarifying causal inference in childhood obesity research (and beyond)
Brown AW. Center for Childhood Obesity Prevention Investigator Work-in-Progress Meeting and External Advisory Committee Retreat. Arkansas Children’s Research Institute Virtual Event; 2021-04-06.
Meta-Analysis
Brown AW. Generating and Interpreting Evidence About Effects in Obesity Research: Reducing Error and Strengthening Inferences. Webinar; 2021-02-25.
Headline vs Study (two sessions).
Brown AW. Indiana Physiological Society’s 10th Annual Meeting. Indianapolis, IN; 2020-03-07.
Obesity Isn’t Simple: Identifying Complex, Evidence-based Strategies to Treat Obesity Seriously.
Brown AW. Nutrition Science Seminar. Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN; 2019-11-01.
Promising and problematic hypotheses about obesity causes and cures.
Brown AW. IU Health Bariatric Symposium. Indianapolis, IN; 2019-09-06.
People make mistakes: Normalizing error correction in the scientific literature.
Brown AW. Joint Statistical Meetings 2019. Denver, CO; 2019-07-30.
Slides
Finding what works for weight in the workplace: existing data and future directions.
Brown AW. Indiana Workplace Wellness Partnership. Indianapolis, IN; 2019-02-08.
Slides
Statistical and inferential issues in nutrition and obesity research: opportunities for quantitative reasoning.
Brown AW. University of Louisville, Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics. Louisville, KY; 2019-02-01.
Incorporating Rigor, Reproducibility, and Transparency Into Aging Projects and Papers
Brown AW, Allison DB. GSA 2018 Annual Scientific Meeting. Boston, MA; 2018-11-17.
Obesity Isn’t Simple: Identifying Complex, Evidence-based Strategies to Treat Obesity Seriously.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM. ConAgra Food Science Institute Nutri-bites Webinars. Webinar; 2018-06-21.
Video
Slides
Myths, Presumptions, and Facts about Obesity.
Brown AW. Kentuckiana Health Collaborative Forum – Obesity Fatigue: The Myths, Facts, Treatments, Benefits Coverage, and Paths Forward. Louisville, KY; 2018-06-05.
Myths, Presumptions, and Facts about Obesity: Where Might They Come From and What Can We Do?
Brown AW. Florida Food and Nutrition Symposium 2017. Ft. Lauderdale, FL, USA; 2017-07-16.
Keynote – Dishing Up Data: Making Science More Digestible for the Public.
Brown AW, Meyer M. Sports, Cardiovascular and Wellness Nutrition (SCAN) Symposium 2017. Charlotte, NC, USA; 2017-04-02.
Rigor and Reproducibility in Nutrition and Obesity Research.
Brown AW. University of Michigan. Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 2017-03-16.
Moderator of panel discussion: Taxonomy of issues and challenges to improving research reproducibility.
Brown AW. National Academy of Sciences Sackler Colloquium – Reproducibility of Research: Issues and Proposed Remedies. Washington, DC; 2017-03-08.
Video
From microworkers to sampling techniques – challenges and benefits of alternative literature screening methods.
Brown AW. Obesity Week 2016. New Orleans, LA, USA; 2016-11-03.
Reproducibility: A Tragedy of Errors
Allison DB, Brown AW. International Society for Medical Publication Professionals. Webinar; 2016-10-26.
Video
Conflicting, conflicted, and incomplete narratives in nutrition and obesity research.
Brown AW. 2016 Building Healthy Lifestyles Conference – Nutrition: Fads, Facts & Fallacies. Tempe, AZ; 2016-03-18.
Slides
Myths, Presumptions, and Facts about Obesity: Where might they come from and what we can do?
Brown AW. National Press Foundation – Obesity’s Toll: Get the Skinny on Fat. Phoenix, AZ; 2016-02-24.
Audio
Slides
Conflicting, conflicted, and incomplete narratives in nutrition and obesity research.
Brown AW. Birmingham District Dietetic Association. Birmingham, AL; 2016-02-18.
Conflicting, conflicted, and incomplete narratives in nutrition and obesity research.
Brown AW. Nutrition File Seminar 2016 – Nutrition Fact or Fiction: What is the Evidence. Calgary, AB, Canada; 2016-02-03.
Conflicting, conflicted, and incomplete narratives in nutrition and obesity research.
Brown AW. Nutrition File Seminar 2016 – Nutrition Fact or Fiction: What is the Evidence. Edmonton, AB, Canada; 2016-02-02.
Hot Off the Presses: Evaluating the Evidence Behind Today’s Nutrition Media Headlines.
Brown AW, Sollid K. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Webinar; 2015-08-28.
Video
Lost in Translation: Science as a Second Language
Brown AW, Gaine C. DC Metro Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Washington, DC, USA; 2015-04-10.
In the Eye of the Beholder: Critical Evaluation of Nutrition Research.
Brown AW. ConAgra Food Science Institute Nutri-bites Webinars. Webinar; 2015-03-12.
Video
Distortion of Nutrition Research: Perpetuating Beliefs Beyond the Scientific Evidence.
Brown AW. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Board of Directors Retreat. Portland, OR, USA; 2014-07-23.
Lost in Translation: Science as a Second Language – Perspectives of a ‘native speaker’.
Brown AW. International Food Information Council. Washington, DC, USA; 2014-05-13.
Distortion of nutrition research: Reporting practices that may perpetuate beliefs beyond the scientific evidence.
Brown AW. ASN Scientific Sessions & Annual Meeting at Experimental Biology 2014. San Diego, CA, USA; 2014-04-27.
Tips for High-Fidelity Science Reporting.
Allison DB, Brown AW. National Press Foundation. Webinar; 2014-03-18.
Video
Slides
Meal Frequency, Eating Patterns, and Weight.
Allison DB, Lewis DW Jr, Brown AW. Eating Patterns and Disease: From Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms to Interventions. Webinar; 2014-02-18.
Video
Recent initiatives to improve research reporting fidelity.
Brown AW. ILSI Annual Meeting. Southampton, Bermuda; 2014-01-20.
Video
Slides
Sound advice or biased reporting? Breakfast as a strategy to reduce or prevent obesity or weight gain.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Allison DB. 57th Annual Alabama Public Health Association Education Conference. Birmingham, AL, USA; 2013-04-04.
Myths, Presumptions, and Facts about Obesity.
Brown AW. AHA EPI|NPAM: Hot Off the Press. New Orleans, LA; 2013-03-21.
Phytosterols Decrease Cholesterol Absorption by Molecular Interactions in the Intestinal Lumen.
Brown AW. 103rd American Oil Chemist Society Meeting. Long Beach, CA, USA; 2012-05-01.
Nutritional Aspects of Fats and Oils.
Brown AW, Carr TP. Danisco Margarine and Shortening Course. New Century, KS, USA; 2011-10-28.
Mechanisms of decreased cholesterol absorption mediated by phytosterols.
Brown AW. . University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA; 2010-11-18.

Extramural Meeting Abstracts

Methodological Considerations in the Application of Multiverse Analyses for More Rigorous Inferences About Nutrition and Health
Vorland C, O’Connor L, Henschel B, Huo C, Shikany J, Ejima K, Bidulescu A, Brown A. Current Developments in Nutrition, Volume 6, Issue Supplement_1, June 2022, Page 781
The role of parental acceptance on body esteem among US college students.
Wang J, Brown AW, Luo J, Chow A. American Academy of Health Behavior. 2021.
Semi-automated Screening for Improbable Randomization in PDFs.
Vorland CJ, Allison DB, Brown AW. CRI-CONF 2021
Oral Presentation

Reporting Research on Murine Genetic Models of Obesity: Methods Development for a Systematic Survey
Vorland CJ, Zent C, Smith D, Allison DB, Brown AW. ObesityWeek 2020
What Proportion of Planned Missing Data Is Allowed for Unbiased Estimates of the Association Between Energy Intake and Body Weight Using Multiple Imputation?
Ejima K, Zoh R, Tekwe C, Allison DB, Brown AW. Current Developments in Nutrition, Volume 4, Issue Supplement 2, June 2020, Page 1167
Traffic Light Diets Per Se Have Limited Evidence for Effectiveness on Childhood Obesity: A Review.
Vorland C, Bohan Brown MM, Cardel M, Brown AW. Current Developments in Nutrition, Volume 4, Issue Supplement 2, June 2020, Page 1697
Science Dialogue Mapping of Knowledge and Knowledge Gaps Related to the Effects of Dairy Intake on Human Cardiovascular Disease.
Brown AW, Kaiser KA, Keitt A, Allison DB. Curr Dev Nutr. 2019 Jun 13;3(Suppl 1, P13-002-19)
Presenting Author

Assessment of Type I Error Rates and Power of Common Analysis Methods in Murine Obesity-Related Study: ‘Plasmode-Based’ Simulation.
Ejima K, Brown AW, Smith DL Jr, Beyaztas U, Allison DB. Curr Dev Nutr. 2019 Jun 13;3(Suppl 1, P13-011-19)
A Quantitative Investigation of Differences in Mediterranean Diet Definitions in Nutrition Research.
Lingle DW, Dickinson S, Vorland CJ, Brown AW. Curr Dev Nutr. 2019 Jun 13;3(Suppl 1, P13-026-19).
The Effect of n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on the components of Metabolic Syndrome, A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Huo T, Yang C, Cardel MI, Brown AW, Gurka MJ. Curr Dev Nutr. 2019 Jun 13;3(Suppl 1, P08-037-19).
Crowd-sourcing Structured Metadata to Improve Literature Search Efficiency.
Kaiser K, Sweeney H, Brown AW. Cochrane Colloquium Edinburgh 2018
Oral Presentation

Use of an Open Science R Package (Rentrez) and PubMed Search Infrastructure to Detect P-hacking in Biomedical and Dietary Supplement Scientific Literature.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB. Nutrition 2018
A Comparison of Systematic Review Efficiency Between Obesity, Nutrition, Diabetes and CVD Topics.
Capers PL, Bohan Brown MM, Brown AW, Kroeger CM, Gibson MJ, Kaiser KA. Obesity Week. 2017.
Use of Text-mining and Comparative Analysis to Detect P-hacking in Dietary Supplement Scientific Literature.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB. The 5th Workshop on Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Atlanta, GA.
Eating compared to skipping breakfast has no discernible benefit for obesity-related anthropometrics: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Bohan Brown MM, Milanes JE, Allison DB, Brown AW. FASEB Journal. 2017 Apr lb363
Evaluation of rapid crowdsourcing methods to identify obesity-related studies.
Capers P, Brown AW, Thornton J, Kaiser KA, Goldsby T, Allison DB. Obesity Week. 2016.
Simple text-mining methodology to detect comparative p-hacking is sensitive to text searching variations.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB. Obesity Week. 2016.
High Intensity Interval- Vs Moderate Intensity- Training for Improving Cardiometabolic Health In Overweight or Obese Males: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Fisher G, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Alcorn A, Noles CD, Winwood L, Resuehr H, George B, Jeansonne MM, Allison DB. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016 May;48(5 Suppl 1):641-2.
Method for Calculating Point Estimates and Standard Errors for Meta-Analysis from Reported Point Estimates, 95% Confidence Intervals, and P-Values.
Brown AW, Dawson JA. FASEB Journal. 2016;30:1154.32.
Presenting Author

Effect of breakfast eating versus breakfast skipping on obesity related anthropometry: a systematic review.
Milanes JE, Allison DB, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM. FASEB Journal. 2016 Apr;30(1 Supplement):lb394
The Effect of Yogurt on Human Body Weight: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Experiments.
Kaiser KA, Jeansonne MM, Brown AW. FASEB Journal. 2016;30:905.6.
Presenting Author

The body recognizes liquid calories: Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of solid versus liquid preloads on subsequent energy intake.
Greenberg D, Rahn M, Brown AW, George BJ, Chung A, Allison DB. Obesity Week. 2015.
No Significant Differences Between High vs. Moderate Intensity Training on Mood and Quality of Life.
Neumeier WH, Alcorn A, Allison DB, Bohan Brown MM, Brown AW, Jeansonne MM, Noles C, Resuehr H, Winwood L, Fisher G. American Psychological Association 2015 Annual Convention
Double Sampling with Multiple Imputation to Answer Large Sample Meta-Research Questions: Introduction and Illustration by Evaluating Adherence to Two Simple CONSORT Guidelines.
Capers PL, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Allison DB. FASEB Journal. 2015;29:735.1.
Quick Service Restaurant (Fast) Food and Obesity: A systematic review of human studies.
Idigo AJ, Brown AW, Jeansonne MM, Kell KP, Allison DB. FASEB Journal. 2015;29:600.2.
Evidence of p-value fiddling using a rapid, high-volume, systematic method.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB. Advances and Controversies in Clinical Nutrition. 2014.
How We Talk About People with Conditions: Trends Over Time Using Google Ngrams.
Brown AW. Obesity Week. 2014.
Presenting Author

High Intensity vs Moderate Intensity Training to maximize the benefits of exercise for improving cardiometabolic health in overweight adolescent males: Preliminary results from the HIIT MAX randomized controlled trial.
Fisher G, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Alcorn Amy, Noles C, Winwood L, Reseuhr H, Allison DB. Obesity Week. 2014.
Using crowdsourcing to evaluate published scientific literature: Methods and example.
Brown AW, Allison DB. 91st Annual Meeting of the Alabama Academy of Science, Auburn University, 2014-03-13
Presenting Author
Oral Presentation

Are studies that agree with popular opinion cited more? Evaluating nutrition-obesity research using crowdsourcing.
Brown AW, Allison DB. Obesity Week. 2013.
Presenting Author
Oral Presentation

Increased fruit and vegetable intake has no discernible effect on weight loss: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Kaiser KA, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Shikany JM, Mattes RD, Allison DB. Obesity Week. 2013.
Presenting Author

Treatment with taurine and vitamin E did not reverse fatty liver more than a chow diet in rats.
Allen PS, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Beitz DC. Evaluating Bioactive Food Components in Obesity and Cancer Prevention. 2013.
Presenting Author

Investigating nutraceutical and pharmaceutical agents to prevent fatty liver in rats.
Allen PS, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Beitz DC. Evaluating Bioactive Food Components in Obesity and Cancer Prevention. 2013.
Sound advice or biased reporting? Breakfast as a strategy to reduce or prevent obesity or weight gain.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Allison DB. FASEB Journal. 2013;27:124.3.
Presenting Author
Oral Presentation

Hydrolysis of phytosterol esters in the intestine is required for their cholesterol lowering effects.
Brown AW, Carden TJ, Hang J, Dussault PH, Carr TP. FASEB Journal. 2011;25:587.7.
Presenting Author

Dietary phytosterol esters must be hydrolyzed for optimal reduction in cholesterol absorption.
Carden TJ, Brown AW , Mielke M, Hang J, Dussault PH, Lee BH, Schlegel VL, Carr TP. FASEB Journal. 2011;25:582.11.
Phytosterols and fatty acids, but not phytosterol esters, affect cholesterol micellarization in vitro.
Brown AW, Hang J, Dussault PH, Carr TP. FASEB Journal. 2010;24:541.19.
Presenting Author

Method for lipid and NDF analysis of ethanol byproduct feedstuffs.
Bremer VR, Buckner CD, Brown AW, Carr TP, Diedrichsen RM, Erickson GE, Klopfenstein TJ. Journal of Animal Science. 2010;88:E-Suppl.3,263.
Phytosterol ester substrate specificity of pancreatic cholesterol esterase.
Brown AW, Hang J, Dussault PH, Carr TP. FASEB Journal. 2009;23:722.15.
Presenting Author

Effects of diets naturally high or low in conjugated linoleic acid on measures of health in women.
Brown AW, Trenkle A, Beitz DC. FASEB Journal. 2009;23:334.6.
Presenting Author
Oral Presentation

Effects of Splenda® Brand sweetener on plasma hormone and metabolite concentrations.
Brown AW, Bohan MM, Onken KL, Beitz DC. FASEB Journal. 2007;21:832.11.
Presenting Author

Effects of TNFa as a simulated stressor on adipose and liver tissues from rats fed varying diets.
Brown AW, Bohan MM, Mehyar N, Trenkle A, Beitz DC. FASEB Journal. 2006;20:109.6.
Presenting Author
Oral Presentation

Intramural Meeting Abstracts

Automating the Extraction of Registration Statements from Scientific Papers.
Pipkin D, Mandema I, Brown AW, Vorland CJ. IUSPHB Public Health Research Day 2021
Oral Presentation

Automating the Extraction of Registration Statements from Scientific Papers.
Mandema I, Pipkin D, Brown AW, Vorland CJ. IUSPHB Public Health Research Day 2021
Oral Presentation

Does exclusion of extreme reporters of energy intake reliably make results less biased in nutrition studies?
Ejima K, Brown AW, Schoeller DA, Heymsfield SB, Nelson EJ, Allison DB.. IUSPHB Public Health Research Day 2019
Oral Presentation

The Effect of n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on the components of Metabolic Syndrome, A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Huo T, Yang C, Cardel MI, Brown AW, Gurka MJ. University of Florida College of Medicine Research Day
The Effect of n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on the components of Metabolic Syndrome, A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Huo T, Yang C, Cardel MI, Brown AW, Gurka MJ. University of Florida ICHP Research Day
Detection of P-hacking in Biomedical and Dietary Supplement Scientific Literature: Use of Open Science R Packages to Improve Reproducibility and Research Transparency.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB. IUSPHB Public Health Research Day 2018
Oral Presentation

Quick Service Restaurant (Fast) Food and Obesity: A systematic review of human studies
Brown AW, Idigo AJ, Jeansonne MM, Kell KP, Allison DB. UAB Public Health Research and Practice Day 2015.
Presenting Author

Quantification of the Mediterranean Diet
Antoine LH, Brown AW, Allison DB. UAB Public Health Research and Practice Day 2015.
So you think you want to do a systematic review? Lessons learned from the PROSPERO registry.
Borah R, Brown AW, Capers PL, Kaiser KA. UAB Public Health Research and Practice Day 2015.
How We Talk About People with Conditions: Trends Over Time Using Google Ngrams.
Brown AW. UAB Diabetes Research Day
Presenting Author

How We Talk About People with Conditions: Trends Over Time Using Google Ngrams.
Brown AW. UAB Public Health Research Day 2014.
Presenting Author

Sound advice or biased reporting? Breakfast as a strategy to reduce or prevent obesity or weight gain.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Allison DB. UAB Public Health Research Day 2013.
Presenting Author

Intramural Presentations (Not exhaustive)

Introductory Remarks: A Comedy of Errors.
Allison DB, Brown AW. The Mathematical Sciences in Obesity: NIDDK Short Course. Baltimore, MD; 2019-06-26.
Post and Riposte: A Panel Discussion on Open Science, Repositories and Data Sharing in the Social Sciences.
Brown AW, Hellwig T, Wittenberg J. Workshop in Methods. Bloomington, IN; 2018-02-02.
Incorporating rigor, reproducibility, and transparency into aging projects and papers.
Allison DB, Brown AW. Nathan Shock Centers of Excellence in the Basic Biology of Aging. Webinar; 2017-12-04.
Video
Procedural Elements: Trial Registration, Reporting Guidelines.
Brown AW. Third Short Course on Strengthening Causal Inference in Behavioral Obesity Research. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2017-07-25.
Limits II – Empirical: Evidence & Case Studies of Confirmation and Non-Confirmation of Observational Study-Generated Hypotheses.
Brown AW. Third Short Course on Strengthening Causal Inference in Behavioral Obesity Research. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2017-07-24.
Introductory Remarks: A Comedy of Errors.
Allison DB, Brown AW. The Mathematical Sciences in Obesity: NIDDK Short Course. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2017-06-26.
Procedural Elements: Trial Registration, Reporting Guidelines.
Brown AW. Second Short Course on Strengthening Causal Inference in Behavioral Obesity Research. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2016-07-26.
Limits II – Empirical: Evidence & Case Studies of Confirmation and Non-Confirmation of Observational Study-Generated Hypotheses.
Brown AW. Second Short Course on Strengthening Causal Inference in Behavioral Obesity Research. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2016-07-25.
Introductory Remarks: A Comedy of Errors.
Allison DB, Brown AW. The Mathematical Sciences in Obesity: NIDDK Short Course. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2016-06-13.
Video
Limits II – Empirical: Evidence & Cases Studies of Confirmation and Non-Confirmation of Observational Study-Generated Hypotheses.
Brown AW. First Short Course on Strengthening Causal Inference in Behavioral Obesity Research. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2015-07-20.
Video
Introductory Remarks: A Comedy of Errors.
Allison DB, Brown AW. The Mathematical Sciences in Obesity: NIDDK Short Course. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2015-06-22.
Video
Improving the accuracy and specificity of estimates using cross-method comparisons, such as Double Sampling with Multiple Imputation.
Brown AW. Mathematics Colloquium: Open Problems in Obesity. UAB, Birmingham, AL, USA; 2015-02-27.
Does Frequency or Timing of Eating Influence Childhood Obesity?
Brown AW. Intensive Course in Nutrition for Infants, Children, and Adolescents. Department of Pediatrics and Nutrition Sciences, UAB, Birmingham, AL, USA; 2015-02-24.
The Science of Nutrition Science: Beliefs, evidence, and communication.
Brown AW. UAB Chapter of Sigma Xi Seminar Series. Birmingham, AL, USA; 2014-11-13.
Using crowdsourcing to evaluate published scientific literature: Methods and example.
Brown AW, Allison DB. Postdoctoral Research Day. Birmingham, AL, USA; 2014-02-17.
Are studies that agree with popular opinion cited more? Evaluating Nutrition Obesity Research Using Crowdsourcing.
Brown AW. NORC Trainee/Fellows Annual Conference. Birmingham, AL, USA; 2013-08-21.
Sound advice or biased reporting? Breakfast as a strategy to reduce or prevent obesity or weight gain.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Allison DB. Postdoctoral Research Day. Birmingham, AL, USA; 2013-02-18.
Breakfast and obesity: Another example of White Hat Bias?
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Allison DB. NORC Trainee/Fellows Annual Conference. Birmingham, AL, USA; 2012-08-29.