Research

Publications | Presentations | Meeting Abstracts | Intramural

Publications

Does exclusion of extreme reporters of energy intake (the “Goldberg cutoffs”) reliably reduce or eliminate bias in nutrition studies? Analysis with illustrative associations of energy intake with health outcomes.
Ejima K, Brown AW, Schoeller DA, Heymsfield SB, Nelson EJ, Allison DB
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition [Epub ahead of print]
Original Research

Dropout rates in behavioral treatment programs for substance use disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Lappan S, Brown AW, Hendricks P
Addiction. 2019 Aug 27. doi: 10.1111/add.14793. [Epub ahead of print]
Systematic Review


Data and code: DOI

Childhood Obesity Intervention Studies: A Narrative Review and Guide for Investigators, Authors, Editors, Reviewers, Journalists, and Readers to Guard Against Exaggerated Effectiveness Claims
Brown AW, Altman DG, Baranowski T, Bland JM, Dawson JA, Dhurandhar NV, Dowla S, Fontaine KR, Gelman A, Heymsfield SB, Jayawardene W, Keith SW, Kyle TK, Loken E, Oakes JM, Stevens J, Thomas DM, Allison DB
Obes Rev. 2019 Aug 19. doi: 10.1111/obr.12923. [Epub ahead of print]
Critical Review

Spin in the Abstract in “Impact of motivational interviewing on outcomes of an adolescent obesity treatment: results from the MI Values randomized controlled pilot trial”
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Allison DB
Clin Obes. 2019 Aug 4:e12332.
Letter

Differences in Nominal Significance (DINS) Error leads to invalid conclusions: Letter regarding, “Diet enriched with fresh coconut decreases blood glucose levels and body weight in normal adults”.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB
Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine. 2019 Jun 12;16(2).
Letter

The Implementation of Randomization Requires Corrected Analyses. Comment on “Comprehensive Nutritional and Dietary Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder—A Randomized, Controlled 12-Month Trial, Nutrients 2018, 10, 369”.
Vorland CJ, Brown AW, Dickinson SL, Gelman A, Allison DB
Nutrients. 2019 May 21;11(5).
Letter

Conditioning on Study is Essential for Valid Inference when Combining Individual Data from Multiple Randomized Controlled Trials: Comment on and Request for Corrected Analyses in “School-Based Weight Management Program Curbs Summer Weight Gain Among Low-Income Hispanic Middle School Students. J Sch Health, 89(1), 59-67.”
Jayawardene WP, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Kahathuduwa CN, McComb B, Allison DB
Journal of School Health. 2019 Jul;89(7):515-518.
Letter

Change in study randomization allocation needs to be included in statistical analysis: Comment on “Randomized controlled trial of weight loss versus usual care on telomere length in women with breast cancer: the lifestyle, exercise, and nutrition (LEAN) study.”
Dickinson SL, Golzarri Arroyo L, Brown AW, McComb B, Kahathuduwa CN, Allison DB
Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2019 Feb 5.
Letter

Letter to the Editor And response Letter to the Editor and Author Response of Assessment of a Health Promotion Model on Obese Turkish Children.
Brown AW, Allison DB
J Nurs Res. 2018 Oct;26(5):373-374.
Letter

The stated conclusions are contradicted by the data, based on inappropriate statistics, and should be corrected: comment on ‘intervention for childhood obesity based on parents only or parents and child compared with follow-up alone’
Dawson JA, Brown AW, Allison DB
Pediatr Obes. 2018 Nov;13(11):656-657. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12431. Epub 2018 Aug 9.
Letter

Incorrect analyses were used in “Different enteral nutrition formulas have no effect on glucose homeostasis but on diet-induced thermogenesis in critically ill medical patients: a randomized controlled trial” and corrected analyses are requested.
Dickinson S, Brown AW, Mehta T, Heymsfield S, Ebbeling C, Ludwig D, Allison DB
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2018 Jun 27. [Epub ahead of print]
Letter

Reducing Calories to Lose Weight.
Hall KD, Schoeller DA, Brown AW
JAMA. 2018;319(22):2336-2337.
Letter

Issues with data and analyses: Errors, underlying themes, and potential solutions.
Brown AW, Kaiser KA, Allison DB
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2018 Mar 13;115(11):2563-2570.
Invited Proceedings

A Comment on Scherr et al “A Multicomponent, School-Based Intervention, the Shaping Healthy Choices Program, Improves Nutrition-Related Outcomes”.
Wood AC, Brown AW, Li P, Oakes JM, Pavela G, Thomas DM, Allison DB
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2018 Mar;50(3):324-325.
Letter

Publication Bias in Science: What is it, Why is it Problematic, and How Can It Be Addressed?
Brown AW, Mehta TS, Allison DB
(2017) In book: The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication.
Invited Chapter

Randomization to Randomization Probability: Estimating Treatment Effects Under Actual Conditions of Use.
George BJ, Li P, Lieberman HR, Pavela G, Brown AW, Fontaine KR, Jeansonne MM, Dutton GR, Idigo AJ, Parman MA, Rubin DB, Allison DB
Psychological Methods. 2018 Jun;23(2):337-350.
Original Research


Raw Data Science Unbound Foundation Award

Analysis of the time and workers needed to conduct systematic reviews of medical interventions using data from the PROSPERO registry.
Borah R, Brown AW, Capers PL, Kaiser KA
BMJ Open. 2017 Feb 27;7(2):e012545.
Original Research


EDITORS’ PICK OF 2017
Corrigendum

Critical Evaluation of Nutrition Research.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM
(2016) In book: Nutrition in Lifestyle Medicine, Publisher: Springer International Publishing, Editor: James M. Rippe, pp.103-116
Invited Chapter

Addendum: Hypercaloric diets with high meal frequency, but not increased meal size, increase intrahepatic triglycerides: A randomized controlled trial.
Serlie MJ, ter Horst KW, Brown AW
Hepatology. 2016 Nov;64(5):1814-1816.
Letter

Common Scientific and Statistical Errors in Obesity Research.
George BJ, Beasley M, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Rositsa D, Divers J, Goldsby T, Heo M, Kaiser KA, Keith S, Kim MY, Li P, Mehta T, Oakes JM, Skinner A, Stuart E, Allison DB
Obesity. 2016 Apr;24(4):781-90.
Invited Narrative Review

We agree that self-reported energy intake should not be used as a basis for conclusions about energy intake in scientific research.
Dhurandhar NV, Brown AW, Thomas D, Allison DB
Journal of Nutrition. 2016 May;146(5):1141-2.
Letter

Reproducibility: A tragedy of errors.
Allison DB, Brown AW, George BJ, Kaiser KA
Nature. 2016 Feb 4;530(7588):27-9.
Invited Commentary


Access the recommendation on F1000Prime

Unsubstantiated Conclusions from Improper Statistical Design and Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial.
George BJ, Goldsby TU, Brown AW, Li P, Allison DB
International Journal of Yoga. 2016;9(1):87-8.
Letter

High Intensity Interval- vs Moderate Intensity- Training for Improving Cardiometabolic Health in Overweight or Obese Males: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Fisher G, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Alcorn A, Noles C, Winwood L, Resuehr H, George B, Jeansonne MM, Allison DB
PLoS One. 2015 Oct 21;10(10):e0138853.
Original Research


Raw Data
Erratum

Errors in statistical analysis and questionable randomization lead to unreliable conclusions.
George BJ, Brown AW, Allison DB
Journal of Paramedical Sciences. 2015 Summer;6(3):153-154.
Letter
Taurine and vitamin E supplementation have minimal effects on body composition, hepatic lipids, and blood hormone and metabolite concentrations in healthy Sprague Dawley rats.
Allen PS, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Hsu WH, Beitz DC
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements. 2015;7:77-85.
Original Research

The importance of prediction model validation and assessment in obesity and nutrition research.
Ivanescu AE, Li P, George B, Brown AW, Keith SW, Raju D, Allison DB
International Journal of Obesity. 2016 Jun;40(6):887-94.
Invited Narrative Review

Goals in Nutrition Science 2015-2020.
Allison DB, Bassaganya-Riera J, Burlingame B, Brown AW, Le Coutre J, Dickson SL, Van Eden W, Garssen J, Hontecillas R, Khoo CSH, Knorr D, KussmannM, Magistretti PJ, Mehta T, Meule A, Rychlik M, Vögele C
Front. Nutr., 08 September 2015
Invited Editorial

Best (but oft-forgotten) practices: designing, analyzing, and reporting cluster randomized controlled trials.
Brown AW, Li P, Bohan Brown MM, Kaiser KA, Keith SW, Oakes JM, Allison DB
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2015 Aug;102(2):241-8.
Invited Narrative Review

Comment on “Intervention effects of a school-based health promotion programme on obesity related behavioural outcomes.”
Li P, Brown AW, Oakes JM, Allison DB
Journal of Obesity. 2015;2015:708181.
Letter

Response to ‘Energy balance measurement: when something is not better than nothing.’
Dhurandhar NV, Schoeller D, Brown AW, Heymsfield SB, Thomas D, Sorensen TIA, Speakman JR, Jeansonne M, Allison DB
International Journal of Obesity. 2015 Jul;39(7):1175-6.
Invited Letter

Comment on “School-Based Obesity Prevention Intervention in Chilean Children: Effective in Controlling, but not Reducing Obesity.”
Li P, Brown AW, Oakes JM, Allison DB
Journal of Obesity. 2015;2015:183528.
Letter

Concerning Sichieri R, Cunha DB: Obes Facts 2014;7:221-232. The Assertion that Controlling for Baseline (Pre-Randomization) Covariates in Randomized Controlled Trials Leads to Bias Is False.
Li P, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Kaiser KA, Bohan Brown MM, Keith SW, Oakes JM, Allison DB
Obesity Facts. 2015;8:127-129.
Letter

Exceptional Data in Paper on “The effect of meridian massage on BM, BMI, WC and HC in simple obesity patients: a randomized controlled trial.”
Thomas DM, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Li P, Heymsfield SB, Allison DB
World Journal of Acupuncture-Moxibustion. 2015;(01) 66-67.
Letter

Double sampling with multiple imputation to answer large sample meta-research questions: Introduction and illustration by evaluating adherence to two simple CONSORT guidelines.
Capers PL, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Allison DB
Frontiers in Nutrition. 2015 Mar;9;2:6.
Original Research

Communication of randomized, controlled trial results must match the study focus.
Brown AW, Sievenpiper JL, Kyle TK, Kaiser KA
Journal of Nutrition. 2015 May;145(5):1027-9.
Letter

Order of Magnitude Mis-estimation of Weight Effects of Children’s Meal Policy Proposals.
Brown AW, Hall KD, Thomas D, Dhurandhar NV, Heymsfield SB, Allison DB
Childhood Obesity. 2014 Dec;10(6):542-4.
Letter

Linear extrapolation results in erroneous overestimation of plausible stressor-related yearly weight changes.
Bohan Brown MM, Brown AW, Allison DB
Biological Psychiatry. 2015 Aug 15;78(4):e10-1.
Letter

An Unjustified Conclusion from Self-Report-Based Estimates of Energy Intake.
Levitsky DA, Brown AW, Hansen BC, Atkinson RL, Byrne N, Cheskin LJ, Allison DB
American Journal of Medicine. 2014;127(12):e33.
Letter

Energy Balance Measurement: When Something is NOT Better than Nothing.
Dhurandhar NV, Schoeller D, Brown AW, Heymsfield SB, Thomas D, Sorensen TIA, Speakman JR, Jeansonne M, Allison DB
International Journal of Obesity. 2015 Jul;39(7):1109-13.
Critical Review

Unscientific Beliefs about Scientific Topics in Nutrition.
Brown AW, Ioannidis JPA, Cope MB, Bier DM, Allison DB
Advances in Nutrition. 2014 Sep;5(5):563-5.
Invited Proceedings

HUMAN NUTRITION | Nutraceuticals.
Brown AW
(2014) In book: Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences (Second Edition), Publisher: Academic Press, Editors: Michael Dikeman, Carrick Devine, pp.130-134
Invited Chapter

Using crowdsourcing to evaluate published scientific literature: methods and example.
Brown AW, Allison DB
PLoS One. 2014 Jul 2;9(7):e100647
Original Research

Increased fruit and vegetable intake has no discernible effect on weight loss: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Kaiser KA, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Shikany JM, Mattes RD, Allison DB
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014 Jun 25;100(2):567-576.
Systematic Review


Science Unbound Foundation Award

Weighing the Evidence of Common Beliefs in Obesity Research.
Casazza K, Brown AW, Astrup A, Bertz F, Baum C, Bohan Brown M, Dawson J, Durant N, Dutton G, Fields DA, Fontaine KR, Levitsky D, Mehta T, Menachemi N, Newby P, Pate R, Raynor H, Rolls BJ, Sen B, Smith DL Jr, Thomas D, Wansink B, Allison DB
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 2015;55(14):2014-53.
Critical Review

Reply to RA Mekary and E Giovannucci.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Allison DB
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014 Jan;99(1):213.
Invited Letter

Belief beyond the evidence: using the proposed effect of breakfast on obesity to show 2 practices that distort scientific evidence.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Allison DB
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2013 Nov;98(5):1298-308.
Original Research


Access the recommendation on F1000Prime Science Unbound Foundation Award

Does host cholesterol metabolism impact the gut microbiota and why does it matter?
Martinez I, Brown AW, Walter J
Future Microbiology. 2013 May;8(5):571-3.
Invited Editorial

Unintended consequences of obesity-targeted health policy.
Brown AW, Allison DB
Virtual Mentor. 2013 Apr 1;15(4):339-46.
Invited Critical Review
Myths, presumptions, and facts about obesity.
Casazza K, Fontaine KR, Astrup A, Birch LL, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Durant N, Dutton G, Foster EM, Heymsfield SB, McIver K, Mehta T, Menachemi N, Newby PK, Pate R, Rolls BJ, Sen B, Smith DL Jr, Thomas DM, Allison DB
New England Journal of Medicine. 2013 Jan 31;368(5):446-54.
Critical Review

Nutritional epidemiology in practice: learning from data or promulgating beliefs?
Bohan Brown MM, Brown AW, Allison DB
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2013 Jan;97(1):5-6.
Invited Editorial

Diet-induced alterations of host cholesterol metabolism are likely to affect the gut microbiota composition in hamsters.
Martinez I, Perdicaro DJ, Brown AW, Hammons S, Carden TJ, Carr TP, Eskridge KM, Walter J
Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2013 Jan;79(2):516-24.
Original Research

Short-term consumption of sucralose, a nonnutritive sweetener, is similar to water with regard to select markers of hunger signaling and short-term glucose homeostasis in women.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Onken KL, Beitz DC
Nutrition Research. 2011 Dec;31(12):882-8.
Original Research

Diets high in conjugated linoleic acid from pasture-fed cattle did not alter markers of health in young women.
Brown AW, Trenkle AH, Beitz DC
Nutrition Research. 2011 Jan;31(1):33-41.
Original Research


Nutrition ResearchWinner of First Annual David Kritchevsky Graduate Student Award

Phytosterol ester constituents affect micellar cholesterol solubility in model bile.
Brown AW, Hang J, Dussault PH, Carr TP
Lipids. 2010 Sep;45(9):855-62.
Original Research

Plant sterol and stanol substrate specificity of pancreatic cholesterol esterase.
Brown AW, Hang J, Dussault PH, Carr TP
J Nutr Biochem. 2010 Aug;21(8):736-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2009.04.008. Epub 2009 Jul 16
Original Research

Cholesterol-lowering phytosterols: factors affecting their use and efficacy.
Carr TP, Ash MM, Brown AW
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements. 2010 July;2010(2):59-72
Invited Narrative Review

Lipid and NDF analysis of ethanol byproduct feedstuffs.
Bremer VR, Buckner VD, Brown AW, Carr TP, Diedrichsen RM, Erickson GE, Klopfenstein TJ
Nebraska Beef Cattle Report. 2010;MP93:83-86.
Report
Endocannabinoids, metabolic regulation, and the role of diet.
Carr TP, Jesch ED, Brown AW
Nutrition Research. 2008 Oct;28(10):641-50.
Invited Narrative Review

Invited Extramural Presentations

People make mistakes: Normalizing error correction in the scientific literature.
Joint Statistical Meetings 2019. Denver, CO; 2019-07-30.
Finding what works for weight in the workplace: existing data and future directions.
Indiana Workplace Wellness Partnership. Indianapolis, IN; 2019-02-08.
Slides
Statistical and inferential issues in nutrition and obesity research: opportunities for quantitative reasoning.
University of Louisville, Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics. Louisville, KY; 2019-02-01.
Incorporating Rigor, Reproducibility, and Transparency Into Aging Projects and Papers
GSA 2018 Annual Scientific Meeting. Boston, MA; 2018-11-17.
Obesity Isn’t Simple: Identifying Complex, Evidence-based Strategies to Treat Obesity Seriously.
ConAgra Food Science Institute Nutri-bites Webinars. Webinar; 2018-06-21.
Video
Slides
Myths, Presumptions, and Facts about Obesity.
Kentuckiana Health Collaborative Forum – Obesity Fatigue: The Myths, Facts, Treatments, Benefits Coverage, and Paths Forward. Louisville, KY; 2018-06-05.
Myths, Presumptions, and Facts about Obesity: Where Might They Come From and What Can We Do?
Florida Food and Nutrition Symposium 2017. Ft. Lauderdale, FL, USA; 2017-07-16.
Keynote – Dishing Up Data: Making Science More Digestible for the Public.
Sports, Cardiovascular and Wellness Nutrition (SCAN) Symposium 2017. Charlotte, NC, USA; 2017-04-02.
Rigor and Reproducibility in Nutrition and Obesity Research.
University of Michigan. Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 2017-03-16.
Moderator of panel discussion: Taxonomy of issues and challenges to improving research reproducibility.
National Academy of Sciences Sackler Colloquium – Reproducibility of Research: Issues and Proposed Remedies. Washington, DC; 2017-03-08.
Video
From microworkers to sampling techniques – challenges and benefits of alternative literature screening methods.
Obesity Week 2016. New Orleans, LA, USA; 2016-11-03.
Reproducibility: A Tragedy of Errors
International Society for Medical Publication Professionals. Webinar; 2016-10-26.
Video
Conflicting, conflicted, and incomplete narratives in nutrition and obesity research.
2016 Building Healthy Lifestyles Conference – Nutrition: Fads, Facts & Fallacies. Tempe, AZ; 2016-03-18.
Slides
Myths, Presumptions, and Facts about Obesity: Where might they come from and what we can do?
National Press Foundation – Obesity’s Toll: Get the Skinny on Fat. Webinar; 2016-02-24.
Audio
Slides
Conflicting, conflicted, and incomplete narratives in nutrition and obesity research.
Birmingham District Dietetic Association. Birmingham, AL; 2016-02-18.
Conflicting, conflicted, and incomplete narratives in nutrition and obesity research.
Nutrition File Seminar 2016 – Nutrition Fact or Fiction: What is the Evidence. Calgary, AB, Canada; 2016-02-03.
Conflicting, conflicted, and incomplete narratives in nutrition and obesity research.
Nutrition File Seminar 2016 – Nutrition Fact or Fiction: What is the Evidence. Edmonton, AB, Canada; 2016-02-02.
Hot Off the Presses: Evaluating the Evidence Behind Today’s Nutrition Media Headlines.
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Webinar; 2015-08-28.
Video
Lost in Translation: Science as a Second Language
DC Metro Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Washington, DC, USA; 2015-04-10.
In the Eye of the Beholder: Critical Evaluation of Nutrition Research.
ConAgra Food Science Institute Nutri-bites Webinars. Webinar; 2015-03-12.
Video
Distortion of Nutrition Research: Perpetuating Beliefs Beyond the Scientific Evidence.
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Board of Directors Retreat. Portland, OR, USA; 2014-07-23.
Lost in Translation: Science as a Second Language – Perspectives of a ‘native speaker’.
International Food Information Council. Washington, DC, USA; 2014-05-13.
Distortion of nutrition research: Reporting practices that may perpetuate beliefs beyond the scientific evidence.
ASN Scientific Sessions & Annual Meeting at Experimental Biology 2014. San Diego, CA, USA; 2014-04-27.
Video
Tips for High-Fidelity Science Reporting.
National Press Foundation. Webinar; 2014-03-18.
Video
Slides
Meal Frequency, Eating Patterns, and Weight.
Eating Patterns and Disease: From Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms to Interventions. Webinar; 2014-02-18.
Video
Recent initiatives to improve research reporting fidelity.
ILSI Annual Meeting. Southampton, Bermuda; 2014-01-20.
Video
Slides
Sound advice or biased reporting? Breakfast as a strategy to reduce or prevent obesity or weight gain.
57th Annual Alabama Public Health Association Education Conference. Birmingham, AL, USA; 2013-04-04.
Myths, Presumptions, and Facts about Obesity.
AHA EPI|NPAM: Hot Off the Press. New Orleans, LA; 2013-03-21.
Phytosterols Decrease Cholesterol Absorption by Molecular Interactions in the Intestinal Lumen.
103rd American Oil Chemist Society Meeting. Long Beach, CA, USA; 2012-05-01.
Nutritional Aspects of Fats and Oils.
Danisco Margarine and Shortening Course. New Century, KS, USA; 2011-10-28.
Mechanisms of decreased cholesterol absorption mediated by phytosterols.
. University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA; 2010-11-18.

Extramural Meeting Abstracts

Science Dialogue Mapping of Knowledge and Knowledge Gaps Related to the Effects of Dairy Intake on Human Cardiovascular Disease.
Brown AW, Kaiser KA, Keitt A, Allison DB. Curr Dev Nutr. 2019 Jun 13;3(Suppl 1, P13-002-19)
Presenting Author

Assessment of Type I Error Rates and Power of Common Analysis Methods in Murine Obesity-Related Study: ‘Plasmode-Based’ Simulation.
Ejima K, Brown AW, Smith DL Jr, Beyaztas U, Allison DB. Curr Dev Nutr. 2019 Jun 13;3(Suppl 1, P13-011-19)
A Quantitative Investigation of Differences in Mediterranean Diet Definitions in Nutrition Research.
Lingle DW, Dickinson S, Vorland CJ, Brown AW. Curr Dev Nutr. 2019 Jun 13;3(Suppl 1, P13-026-19).
The Effect of n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on the components of Metabolic Syndrome, A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Huo T, Yang C, Cardel MI, Brown AW, Gurka MJ. Curr Dev Nutr. 2019 Jun 13;3(Suppl 1).
Crowd-sourcing Structured Metadata to Improve Literature Search Efficiency.
Kaiser K, Sweeney H, Brown AW. Cochrane Colloquium Edinburgh 2018
Oral Presentation

Use of an Open Science R Package (Rentrez) and PubMed Search Infrastructure to Detect P-hacking in Biomedical and Dietary Supplement Scientific Literature.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB. Nutrition 2018
A Comparison of Systematic Review Efficiency Between Obesity, Nutrition, Diabetes and CVD Topics.
Capers PL, Bohan Brown MM, Brown AW, Kroeger CM, Gibson MJ, Kaiser KA. Obesity Week. 2017.
Use of Text-mining and Comparative Analysis to Detect P-hacking in Dietary Supplement Scientific Literature.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB. The 5th Workshop on Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Atlanta, GA.
Eating compared to skipping breakfast has no discernible benefit for obesity-related anthropometrics: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Bohan Brown MM, Milanes JE, Allison DB, Brown AW. FASEB Journal. 2017 Apr lb363
Evaluation of rapid crowdsourcing methods to identify obesity-related studies.
Capers P, Brown AW, Thornton J, Kaiser KA, Goldsby T, Allison DB. Obesity Week. 2016.
Simple text-mining methodology to detect comparative p-hacking is sensitive to text searching variations.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB. Obesity Week. 2016.
High Intensity Interval- Vs Moderate Intensity- Training for Improving Cardiometabolic Health In Overweight or Obese Males: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Fisher G, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Alcorn A, Noles CD, Winwood L, Resuehr H, George B, Jeansonne MM, Allison DB. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016 May;48(5 Suppl 1):641-2.
Method for Calculating Point Estimates and Standard Errors for Meta-Analysis from Reported Point Estimates, 95% Confidence Intervals, and P-Values.
Brown AW, Dawson JA. FASEB Journal. 2016;30:1154.32.
Presenting Author

Effect of breakfast eating versus breakfast skipping on obesity related anthropometry: a systematic review.
Milanes JE, Allison DB, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM. FASEB Journal. 2016 Apr;30(1 Supplement):lb394
The Effect of Yogurt on Human Body Weight: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Experiments.
Kaiser KA, Jeansonne MM, Brown AW. FASEB Journal. 2016;30:905.6.
Presenting Author

The body recognizes liquid calories: Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of solid versus liquid preloads on subsequent energy intake.
Greenberg D, Rahn M, Brown AW, George BJ, Chung A, Allison DB. Obesity Week. 2015.
No Significant Differences Between High vs. Moderate Intensity Training on Mood and Quality of Life.
Neumeier WH, Alcorn A, Allison DB, Bohan Brown MM, Brown AW, Jeansonne MM, Noles C, Resuehr H, Winwood L, Fisher G. American Psychological Association 2015 Annual Convention
Double Sampling with Multiple Imputation to Answer Large Sample Meta-Research Questions: Introduction and Illustration by Evaluating Adherence to Two Simple CONSORT Guidelines.
Capers PL, Brown AW, Dawson JA, Allison DB. FASEB Journal. 2015;29:735.1.
Quick Service Restaurant (Fast) Food and Obesity: A systematic review of human studies.
Idigo AJ, Brown AW, Jeansonne MM, Kell KP, Allison DB. FASEB Journal. 2015;29:600.2.
Evidence of p-value fiddling using a rapid, high-volume, systematic method.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB. Advances and Controversies in Clinical Nutrition. 2014.
How We Talk About People with Conditions: Trends Over Time Using Google Ngrams.
Brown AW. Obesity Week. 2014.
Presenting Author

High Intensity vs Moderate Intensity Training to maximize the benefits of exercise for improving cardiometabolic health in overweight adolescent males: Preliminary results from the HIIT MAX randomized controlled trial.
Fisher G, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Alcorn Amy, Noles C, Winwood L, Reseuhr H, Allison DB. Obesity Week. 2014.
Using crowdsourcing to evaluate published scientific literature: Methods and example.
Brown AW, Allison DB. 91st Annual Meeting of the Alabama Academy of Science, Auburn University, 2014-03-13
Presenting Author
Oral Presentation

Are studies that agree with popular opinion cited more? Evaluating nutrition-obesity research using crowdsourcing.
Brown AW, Allison DB. Obesity Week. 2013.
Presenting Author
Oral Presentation

Increased fruit and vegetable intake has no discernible effect on weight loss: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Kaiser KA, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Shikany JM, Mattes RD, Allison DB. Obesity Week. 2013.
Presenting Author

Treatment with taurine and vitamin E did not reverse fatty liver more than a chow diet in rats.
Allen PS, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Beitz DC. Evaluating Bioactive Food Components in Obesity and Cancer Prevention. 2013.
Presenting Author

Investigating nutraceutical and pharmaceutical agents to prevent fatty liver in rats.
Allen PS, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Beitz DC. Evaluating Bioactive Food Components in Obesity and Cancer Prevention. 2013.
Sound advice or biased reporting? Breakfast as a strategy to reduce or prevent obesity or weight gain.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Allison DB. FASEB Journal. 2013;27:124.3.
Presenting Author
Oral Presentation

Hydrolysis of phytosterol esters in the intestine is required for their cholesterol lowering effects.
Brown AW, Carden TJ, Hang J, Dussault PH, Carr TP. FASEB Journal. 2011;25:587.7.
Presenting Author

Dietary phytosterol esters must be hydrolyzed for optimal reduction in cholesterol absorption.
Carden TJ, Brown AW , Mielke M, Hang J, Dussault PH, Lee BH, Schlegel VL, Carr TP. FASEB Journal. 2011;25:582.11.
Phytosterols and fatty acids, but not phytosterol esters, affect cholesterol micellarization in vitro.
Brown AW, Hang J, Dussault PH, Carr TP. FASEB Journal. 2010;24:541.19.
Presenting Author

Method for lipid and NDF analysis of ethanol byproduct feedstuffs.
Bremer VR, Buckner CD, Brown AW, Carr TP, Diedrichsen RM, Erickson GE, Klopfenstein TJ. Journal of Animal Science. 2010;88:E-Suppl.3,263.
Phytosterol ester substrate specificity of pancreatic cholesterol esterase.
Brown AW, Hang J, Dussault PH, Carr TP. FASEB Journal. 2009;23:722.15.
Presenting Author

Effects of diets naturally high or low in conjugated linoleic acid on measures of health in women.
Brown AW, Trenkle A, Beitz DC. FASEB Journal. 2009;23:334.6.
Presenting Author
Oral Presentation

Effects of Splenda® Brand sweetener on plasma hormone and metabolite concentrations.
Brown AW, Bohan MM, Onken KL, Beitz DC. FASEB Journal. 2007;21:832.11.
Presenting Author

Effects of TNFa as a simulated stressor on adipose and liver tissues from rats fed varying diets.
Brown AW, Bohan MM, Mehyar N, Trenkle A, Beitz DC. FASEB Journal. 2006;20:109.6.
Presenting Author
Oral Presentation

Intramural Meeting Abstracts

Does exclusion of extreme reporters of energy intake reliably make results less biased in nutrition studies?
Ejima K, Brown AW, Schoeller DA, Heymsfield SB, Nelson EJ, Allison DB.. IUSPHB Public Health Research Day 2019
Oral Presentation

The Effect of n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on the components of Metabolic Syndrome, A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Huo T, Yang C, Cardel MI, Brown AW, Gurka MJ. University of Florida College of Medicine Research Day
The Effect of n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on the components of Metabolic Syndrome, A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Huo T, Yang C, Cardel MI, Brown AW, Gurka MJ. University of Florida ICHP Research Day
Detection of P-hacking in Biomedical and Dietary Supplement Scientific Literature: Use of Open Science R Packages to Improve Reproducibility and Research Transparency.
Kroeger CM, Brown AW, Allison DB. IUSPHB Public Health Research Day 2018
Oral Presentation

Quick Service Restaurant (Fast) Food and Obesity: A systematic review of human studies
Brown AW, Idigo AJ, Jeansonne MM, Kell KP, Allison DB. UAB Public Health Research and Practice Day 2015.
Presenting Author

Quantification of the Mediterranean Diet
Antoine LH, Brown AW, Allison DB. UAB Public Health Research and Practice Day 2015.
So you think you want to do a systematic review? Lessons learned from the PROSPERO registry.
Borah R, Brown AW, Capers PL, Kaiser KA. UAB Public Health Research and Practice Day 2015.
How We Talk About People with Conditions: Trends Over Time Using Google Ngrams.
Brown AW. UAB Diabetes Research Day
Presenting Author

How We Talk About People with Conditions: Trends Over Time Using Google Ngrams.
Brown AW. UAB Public Health Research Day 2014.
Presenting Author

Sound advice or biased reporting? Breakfast as a strategy to reduce or prevent obesity or weight gain.
Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Allison DB. UAB Public Health Research Day 2013.
Presenting Author

Intramural Presentations (Not exhaustive)

Incorporating rigor, reproducibility, and transparency into aging projects and papers.
Nathan Shock Centers of Excellence in the Basic Biology of Aging. Webinar; 2017-12-04.
Video
Procedural Elements: Trial Registration, Reporting Guidelines.
Third Short Course on Strengthening Causal Inference in Behavioral Obesity Research. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2017-07-25.
Limits II – Empirical: Evidence & Case Studies of Confirmation and Non-Confirmation of Observational Study-Generated Hypotheses.
Third Short Course on Strengthening Causal Inference in Behavioral Obesity Research. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2017-07-24.
Introductory Remarks: A Comedy of Errors.
The Mathematical Sciences in Obesity: NIDDK Short Course. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2017-06-26.
Introductory Remarks: A Comedy of Errors.
The Mathematical Sciences in Obesity: NIDDK Short Course. Baltimore, MD; 2017-06-26.
Procedural Elements: Trial Registration, Reporting Guidelines.
Second Short Course on Strengthening Causal Inference in Behavioral Obesity Research. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2016-07-26.
Limits II – Empirical: Evidence & Case Studies of Confirmation and Non-Confirmation of Observational Study-Generated Hypotheses.
Second Short Course on Strengthening Causal Inference in Behavioral Obesity Research. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2016-07-25.
Introductory Remarks: A Comedy of Errors.
The Mathematical Sciences in Obesity: NIDDK Short Course. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2016-06-13.
Video
Limits II – Empirical: Evidence & Cases Studies of Confirmation and Non-Confirmation of Observational Study-Generated Hypotheses.
First Short Course on Strengthening Causal Inference in Behavioral Obesity Research. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2015-07-20.
Video
Introductory Remarks: A Comedy of Errors.
The Mathematical Sciences in Obesity: NIDDK Short Course. University of Alabama at Birmingham; 2015-06-22.
Video
Improving the accuracy and specificity of estimates using cross-method comparisons, such as Double Sampling with Multiple Imputation.
Mathematics Colloquium: Open Problems in Obesity. UAB, Birmingham, AL, USA; 2015-02-27.
Does Frequency or Timing of Eating Influence Childhood Obesity?
Intensive Course in Nutrition for Infants, Children, and Adolescents. Department of Pediatrics and Nutrition Sciences, UAB, Birmingham, AL, USA; 2015-02-24.
The Science of Nutrition Science: Beliefs, evidence, and communication.
UAB Chapter of Sigma Xi Seminar Series. Birmingham, AL, USA; 2014-11-13.
Using crowdsourcing to evaluate published scientific literature: Methods and example.
Postdoctoral Research Day. Birmingham, AL, USA; 2014-02-17.
Are studies that agree with popular opinion cited more? Evaluating Nutrition Obesity Research Using Crowdsourcing.
NORC Trainee/Fellows Annual Conference. Birmingham, AL, USA; 2013-08-21.
Sound advice or biased reporting? Breakfast as a strategy to reduce or prevent obesity or weight gain.
Postdoctoral Research Day. Birmingham, AL, USA; 2013-02-18.
Breakfast and obesity: Another example of White Hat Bias?
NORC Trainee/Fellows Annual Conference. Birmingham, AL, USA; 2012-08-29.